Gurdwara Nankana Sahib
Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, also referred to as Gurdwara Janam Asthan, is one of the highly revered and cherished gurdwaras in Pakistan. It is the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who also spent his childhood here. This Gurdwara is located in the town of Nankana Sahib, located approximately 70 km from the provincial capital city of Lahore.
It is the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who also spent his childhood here.
The city of Nankana Sahib was originally known as ‘Raipur’, it went by the name of ‘Rai Bhoi di Talwandi’ at the time of Guru Nanak’s birth, and was later renamed to ‘Nankana Sahib’ in Guru Nanak’s honour.
The ancestral house of the Guru, where he was born, was small in size. The shrine was originally built by his grandson, Baba Dharam Chand and was known as ‘Kalu ka Kotha’, house of Mahita Kalu, father of Guru Nanak. Later it came to be known as ‘Nanakayan’, Home of (Guru) Nanak.
The current structure was built in 1819 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He is believed to be moved by the request of his wife, Maharani Nakain, at the time of birth of their son, Kanwar Kharak Singh. The Maharaja purchased the surrounding buildings from the Qazis and got a Gurdwara of approximately 12,000 sq ft. and made an endowment of about 20,000 acres of land for the maintenance of ‘Guru ka Langar’.
The current structure was built in 1819 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The area around Nankana Sahib was formerly a tehsil of Sheikhupura district. In May 2005, the Punjab provincial government, Pakistan, decided to raise the status of Nankana Sahib to that of a district as a way of promoting development in the area. The government of Pakistan has also intended to build a 100 Acre University as well as hospitals and health care facilities in the area.
Thousands of Sikh pilgrims visit here every year for Guru Darshan, especially at Vaisakhi, and to celebrate his birth on the full-moon day in the month of Katak (October – November).
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